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Basic Conversation Past

Communication Skills

Basic Conversations in English- Past

Lesson Plan


Participants will be able to talk about their past experiences using correct phrases and grammar

Total Time: 90 Minutes

Materials Required:

White board


Instructor Note:

Students will use past tense while describing their experiences and learnings. This session will prepare them to use accurate structure while talking in the past using english language.

Opening Protocol:

  • Greet the participants
  • Take attendance
  • In pairs, ask participants to share with each other how they are feeling
  • Recap the previous session by asking 1-2 participants to share with the class, what they learnt and did in the previous session

5 Minutes

Opening Activity:

  • Using english language, ask students these questions-
  • What time did you wake up today?
  • What did you eat for breakfast?
  • How did you come to the class?
  • Did you get some time to watch TV yesterday?
  • Let students answer these questions in any language, but encourage them to use english. Tell them that while asking questions and giving answers they all used English language.
  • Give students context of how we use past tense a lot while speaking to people and how important it is to use the phrases right

10 Minutes

Activity 1: Memories

  • Ask the participants to open their handbook and go to Activity “Memories”
  • Students will find a list of topics there. They need to choose one topic/ situation
  • Once they have chosen the situation, give them 10 minutes to think about it and make notes in the handbook
  • After 10 minutes, divide them in pairs and give them 10 minutes to share their memories with each other
  • After they have shared their memories, ask them what structure they followed while talking about their past experiences
  • Briefly explain past tense structure on the board i.e.
  1. subject+verb 2nd form+object
  2. subject+was/were+verb+ing+object
  3. subject+had+verb 3rd form+object
  • Let students read past tense phrases in the handbook and ask questions. Tell students that they can try to use these phrases during the rest of the session

30 Minutes

Activity 2: Listen to the song

  • Tell them it’s a good practice to listen to English songs and learn from them.

10 Minutes

Activity 3: Our Story

  • Tell students that they will be making a story by working in teams in 15 minutes. All the teams together will make one story by taking turns. 
  • Divide the class into 5 teams. Each individual from each team has to participate.
  • To make the activity more fun and competitive, draw 5 vertical lines for each team on the whiteboard. Each team has 5 lives to save. The teams that lose five lives die and become ghosts. The last team alive is the winner.
  • Explain the rules;

A team loses a life if-

  • They repeat the same sentence already said by a team 
  • They make a grammar mistake
  • They take too long (more than 30 sec.)
  • The same person from a team speaks for two consecutive turns.  
  • Signal the start of the activity by giving the first sentence to make a story, example “Last Sunday when I went for a walk”. Let group A add one sentence and then pass the story to group B. This way continue passing the story to all the teams and spend 15 minutes on the activity.
  • After 15 minutes, ask participants to conclude the story.
  • Ask about their experience creating a story on the spot
  • Ask the participants if they thought about the past tense structures before speaking their sentence

25 Minutes


Motivate students to use correct phrases and practice past tense. Repeat the past tense rules. Take their questions, if any.

5 Minutes

Closing Protocol:

  • Thank the participants for their time
  • Announce the next time you will be visiting them
  • Share the topic of the next session
  • Collect 1-2 most interesting activity sheets/artefacts from students and show to Nodal officer and institution head after session
  • Click pictures of the artefacts for documentation

5 Minutes